Tags : : sincererepentance
O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance. Perhaps your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow [on] the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed with him. Their light will proceed before them and on their right; they will say, "Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Indeed, You are over all things competent."
[Surat At-Tahrim : 8]
Tafsir Ibn Kathir...
Allah the Exalted said,
....يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا تُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ تَوْبَةً نَصُوحًا.......
O you who believe!
Turn to Allah with sincere repentance!
meaning, a true, firm repentance that erases the evil sins that preceded it and mend the shortcoming of the repenting person, encouraging and directing him to quit the evil that he used to do.
...َ عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمْ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيُدْخِلَكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَار....
It may be that your Lord will expiate from you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow,
And when Allah says, "it may be,'' it means He shall.
.... ُ يَوْمَ لَا يُخْزِي اللَّهُ النَّبِيَّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَعَهُ ۖ ....
the Day that Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believe with him.
meaning, on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not disgrace those who believed in the Prophet,
...نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَىٰ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَانِهِمْ ....
Their light will run forward before them and in their right hands.
as we explained in Surah Al-Hadid...aayah 12*
...يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ ...
They will say:
"Our Lord! Keep perfect our light for us and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You are Able to do all things.''
Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak and Al-Hasan Al-Basri and other said,
"This is the statement that the believers will say on the Day of Resurrection, when they witness the light of the hypocrites being extinguished.''
Imam Ahmad recorded that a man from the tribe of Banu Kinanah said,
"I prayed behind the Messenger of Allah during the year of the Conquest (of Makkah), and heard him say,
O Allah! Please, do not disgrace me on the Day of Resurrection.'
*[Surat Al-Hadid : 12]
The Believers are awarded a Light on the Day of Resurrection, according to Their Good Deeds
Allah the Exalted states,
يَوْمَ تَرَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَات......
On the Day you shall see the believing men and the believing women --
Allah the Exalted states that the believers who spend in charity will come on the Day of Resurrection with their light preceding them in the area of the Gathering, according to the level of their good deeds.
As reported from Abdullah bin Mas`ud who exlained this ayah:
ِ .....يَسْعَىٰ نُورُهُمْ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِم.....
their light running forward before them, "They will pass over the Sirat according to their deeds. Some of them will have a light as large as a mountain, some as a date tree, some as big as a man in the standing position. The least among them has a light as big as his index finger, it is lit at times and extinguished at other times.''
Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir collected this Hadith. Ad-Dahhak commented on the Ayah,
"Everyone will be given a light on the Day of Resurrection. When they arrive at the Sirat, the light of the hypocrites will be extinguished. When the believers see this, they will be concerned that their light also will be extinguished, just as the light of the hypocrites was. This is when the believers will invoke Allah, `O our Lord! Perfect our light for us.'''
Allah's statement, ْ وَبِأَيْمَانِهِم and in their right hands), Ad- Dahhak said:
"Their Books of Records.'' As Allah said:
...فَمَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ ..... [Surat Al-Isra : 71]
So whosoever is given his record in his right hand. (17:71)
.....ْ بُشْرَاكُمُ الْيَوْمَ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَار ...
Glad tidings for you this Day! Gardens under which rivers flow, meaning, it will be said to them, "Receive glad tidings this Day, of gardens beneath which rivers flow,
.... خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ .....
to dwell therein forever!,
you will remain therein forever,''
Truly, this is the great success!
.......ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيم
الحمد لللَّه على كل حال